Names in italics on the map are purely speculative, as they are not found
in any reliable source.
Asterisked names (e.g. Dumnonia*) are the probable kingdoms of the five
kings identified by Gildas, c.545.
The following abbreviations are used: Bu. = Builth, Brec. = Brecon, Glevis.
= Glevissig, Dob. = Dobunnia, Gewis. = Gewissae, Calch. = Calcvynydd
Places of Significance, 473-571 A.D.
Gloucester, possibly the original power-base of Vortigern's family.
Cymensora, landing place of Aelle and his son Cymen, c.477.
Anderida (Pevensy), the Roman shore fort captured by Aelle, c.491.
Mouth of the River Glein, site of Arthur's first battle.
Lincoln, centre of Lindsey, site of Arthur's second to fifth battles.
Portus Adurni (Portchester), the Roman shore fort captured by Jutes, c.501.
Caledonian forest, site of Arthur's seventh battle.
Natan's Leag (Netley marsh), site of Cerdic's victory, c.508.
Cerdic's ford, perhaps the limit to Cerdic's territory, c.508.
Carleon, site of Arthur's 10th battle.
Isle of Mon (Anglesey), recovered by Cadwallon longhand from the Irish.
Badon hill, site of Arthur's final victory over the Saxons.
River Humber, supposed northern limit of the authority of Aelle over the
South Cadbury, possibly Arthur's headquarters ("Camelot").
Ercyng (Archenfield), site of the tomb of Arthur's son Anir.
Isle of Whight, taken by the West Saxon Creoda from the Jutes, c.530.
Dun Arth, the "bear's stronghold" of Cuneglasus, c.545.
Bamburgh Castle, Ida's stronghold, c.547.
Sarum, where Cynric fought the British, c.552.
Beranbury, where Ceawlin fought the British, c.556.
Arvon in Gwynedd, where Elidyr of Rheged was slain, and which was burnt
in revenge by the men of the North.
River Wear, site of a battle between Rhun of Gwynedd and the men of the
Wibbandaum (Wimbledon), battle between Ceawlin of the West Saxons and Aethelbert
The Chilterns, probably the "chalk hills" of Calchvynydd.
River Thames (south) and River Trent (north), between which Calchvynydd
Dunstable, in Calchvynydd.
Northamptom, in Calchvynydd.