Look around the Graphics Lab

Regular, Semi-Regular Polyhedra, and thier Duals (first page)

Prisms, Anti-prisms, Pryamids, and related Polyhedra

Miscellanous Polyhedra: Deltahedra

Johnson Solids -- The other convex polyhedra with regular faces

Why I studied polyhedra, and Image Generation Techniques

Known Polyhedral Mathematical Formula

Data Sources and links for Polyhedral Data

__Name V F E F-Type Truncation Dual__tetrahedron 4 4 6 triangles truncated tetrahedron tetrahedron cube 8 6 12 squares truncated cube octahedron octahedron 6 8 12 triangles truncated octahedron cube dodecahedron 20 12 30 pentagons truncated dodecahedron icosahedron icosahedron 12 20 30 triangles truncated icosahedron dodecahedron

tetrahedron

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cube

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octahedron

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dodecahedron

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icosahedron

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wikipedia- All vertices, edge mid-points and face mid-points lie on concentric spheres
- All faces are the same shape and are all regular polygons
- Thus all edges are equal in length and face corners equal in angle.
- Duals are also all Plationic Solids.
- The cube is also called a hexahedron

**tetrahedral symmetry**__Name V F E Truncation Generates__truncated tetrahedron 12 8 18

truncated_tetrahedron

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wikipedia**cub-octahedral symmetry**__Name V F E Truncation Generates__truncated cube 24 14 36 truncated octahedron 24 14 36 cuboctahedron 12 14 24 rhombicuboctahedron rhombicuboctahedron 24 26 48 great rhombicuboctahedron great rhombicuboctahedron 48 26 72 snub cuboctahedron 24 38 60

truncated_cube

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truncated_octahedron

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cuboctahedron

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rhombicuboctahedron

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truncated_cuboctahedron

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snub_cuboctahedron

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wikipedia**icosi-dodecahedral symmetry**__Name V F E Truncation Generates__truncated dodecahedron 60 32 90 truncated icosahedron 60 32 90 icosidodecahedron 30 32 60 rhomb-icosidodecahedron rhombicosidodecahedron 60 62 120 great rhomb-icosidodecahedron great rhombicosidodecahedron 120 62 180 snub icosidodecahedron 60 92 150

truncated_dodecahedron

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truncated_icosahedron

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icosidodecahedron

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rhombicosidodecahedron

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truncated_icosidodecahedron

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snub_icosidodecahedron

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wikipedia- All faces are regular polygons but not of same shape.
- All edges are equal in length.
- All vertices have the same number of edges attached (usually 3)
- All vertices and edges are co-spherical. BUT NOT face mid points!
- The "truncated icosahedron" is more commonly known as a soccer ball
- The "cuboctahedron" is produced if the truncation of the "cube" and/or "octahedron" continues in sequence.
- Similarly for the "icosi-dodecahedron" for the "dodecahedron" and/or "icosahedron".
- Truncation is the term commonly used but as true truncation can produce rectangular faces. The correct term is rombic, where the rectangles are modified to more regular squares. By doing this the resulting Archimedean Solid retains the regular polygonal faces, and the "all edges of equal length" fact.
- The "snub cuboctahedron" (sometimes called "snub cube") has a left and right-handed version. As does the "snub icosidodecahedron" (or "snub dodecahedron")
- A "irregular rhombicuboctahedron" (also called a "elongated square gyrobicupola" - J37), also exists, where one section is given a 45 degree twist (caution is advised is building).
- Similarly an "irregular cuboctahedron" (or "triangular orthobicupola - J28), and "irregular icosidodecahedron" (or "pentagonal orthobirotunda" - J34), also exist by twisting two equal halves, of these objects.

__Archimedean Dual of the Archimedean F Type__triakis tetrahedron truncated tetrahedron 12 triangles triakis octahedron truncated cube 24 triangles tetrakis hexahedron truncated octahedron 24 trianlges triakis icosahedron truncated dodecahedron 60 triangles pentakis dodecahedron truncated icosahedron 60 triangles

triakis_tetrahedron

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triakis_octahedron

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tetrakis_hexahedron

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triakis_icosahedron

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pentakis_dodecahedron

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wikipediarhombic dodecahedron cuboctahedron 12 rhombus kite icositetrahedron rhombicuboctahedron 24 kites disdyakis dodecahedron great rhombicuboctahedron 48 triangles pentagonal icositetrahedron snub cuboctahedron 24 tears

rhombic_dodecahedron

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kite_icositetrahedron

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disdyakis_dodecahedron

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pentagonal_icositetrahedron

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wikipediarhombic tricontahedron icosidodecahedron 30 rhombus kite hexacontahedron small rhombicosidodecahedron 60 kites disdyakis triacontahedron great rhombicosidodecahedron 120 triangles pentagonal hexacontahedron snub dodecahedron 60 tears

rhombic_triacontahedron

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kite_hexecontahedron

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disdyakis_triacontahedron

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pentagonal_hexecontahedron

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wikipediaFace descriptions: triangles are isosceles triangles rhombus are equal sided parallelogram or diamond shaped quadrilaterals. kites are diagonally mirror symmetrical quadrilaterals, or kite shaped. tears are roughly hexagonal shaped with two sides extended to remove one point, EG: a tear shaped symmetrical pentagon.

- Faces are NOT regular polygons, but are all symmetrical in some way. EG: isosceles triangles, rather than equilateral triangles.
- All faces in an object are the same size, shape, and co-spherical. IE: they make good, unusual looking dice!
- Edge mid-points and vertices are NOT co-spherical.
- As the two "snub" archmidean solids have left and right versions, their duals, also have left and right versions. EG: left and right versions of the "pentagonal icositetrahedron" and "pentagonal hexacontahedron".
- The phrase xx-aconta-xx means ten, EG tri-aconta means 30.
- The phrase xx-akis-xx means a face has a low pyramid built on it,

EG: tri-akis means 3 triangles forming a low pyramid on a triangular face - George Hart uses the phase disdyakis-xx, which is a low four sided pyramid (like a tetrakis-xx) but on a rombic or diamond shaped face.
- Naming objects by pyramid building on simpler objects is not without problems. A "disdyakis-dodecahedron" (pyramids on 12 rombic faces) is often called a "hexakis-octahedron" (octahedron based), or even a "octakis-hexahedron" (cube based). It all depends on how you look at the object. The same goes for the "disdyakis-triacontahedron", which can be called a "hexakis-icosahedron" or just as easily, "decakis-dodecahedron".
- I named the "kite_xx" objects based on the shape of the face, though George Hart names them "trapezoidal_xx" (which is confusing) and Wikipedia names them "deltoidal_yy" where "yy" is a different base object, and not the count of the number of faces.

Created: 30 April 2001

Updated: 28 January 2009

Author: Anthony Thyssen, <anthony@cit.gu.edu.au>

URL:

`http://www.cit.gu.edu.au/~anthony/graphics/polyhedra/`